Fresh Water must be made available at all times, daily. Bowls kept in the bathrooms and on the food tray are the most convenient.
No milk or cream. Some kittens and cats react unfavorably to cow's milk. Milk and other diary products can cause diarrhea. However, cats love goat's milk. A tablespoon as a treat is wonderful.
Food: A varied diet will create a good eater instead of a finicky eater. Do not consistently feed the same food day after day. Cats are not born finicky; people make them finicky. This kitten or cat has been fed a diet of commercial and professional cat food.
Canned foods: Friskies turkey flavors are a favorite here as well as Sheba, Fancy Feast, Max Cat, Mother Hubbard, Triumph are some examples of good quality canned foods. Avoid feeding fish or fish flavors. The affinity of cats for fish is an old wives tale. Fish used in cat food can lessen the beauty of the cat's coat and can also contribute to the problem of dander to which many people are allergic. Pick up any unfinished food after on half hour--do not allow them to ever eat spoiled food. Canned food should be considered more as a daily treat rather than their main source of nutrition. Some cats really like the canned food and others do not. Each kitty is different. Dry foods are their best source of daily nutrition.
Dry Foods: Science Diet, Royal Canin, Felidae, Iams, Nutro Max Cat or Kitten, Purina Pro Plan, Sensible Choice, and Wysong; are some excellent brands found at a quality pet store. Never buy commercial dry food found in the supermarket. Make sure you have fresh excellent quality dry kibble available at all times for your kitty. Lately, Science Diet has come out with a Natural Choice kibble that my kitties really like and I have noticed that they are eating less of the canned food as a result.
Treats: Cooked eggs, cottage cheese and cheese, yogurt, a teaspoon of ice cream, cooked chicken or turkey hearts and livers can also be added to the diet for variety. Cats like whole wheat bread, popcorn, cantaloupe, rice, potato, cooked and buttered green beans, and carrots. Table scraps are fine as an occasional treat, but do not constitute a balanced diet and for that reason should not be fed regularly. Do not encourage begging, although bribing is recommended! Choose a single word to describe any treat such as "cookie" or "chicky." If the little one is hiding, the promise of a "cookie" will make the little one come running!
Supplements: are generally not necessary; check with your veterinarian. Weekly doses of Petromalt" can prevent hairballs. A wonderful supplement is as follows and can be purchased at a good health food store:
Kitty Vita Mix
1 1/2 cups (Best quality) Brewers Yeast
1/4 cup Kelp Powder
1 cup Lecithin Granules
2 cups Raw Wheat Germ
1 cup Bone Meal
2 tbsp buffered Powdered Vitamin C
Mix well and store in the refrigerator.
Mix 1 teaspoon to one 6 ounce can of cat food or
(Single feeding) 1/4 tsp to 2 ounces of canned food.
NO NOs: No bones of any kind can be extremely dangerous. Dispose of chicken bones in garbage disposal. No ham or pork, which can cause stomach upset. Dog food is undesirable and can cause deficiencies in cats.
Kittens: need to be fed 3 to 4 times a day. Always have plenty of dry food and water available for them to munch on at all times during the day.
Tray Feeding: I feed my cats on a tray, for ease of clean up and replenishment. It is far easier to pick up a tray than trying to juggle three bowls. Plus, many cats tend to spread the food about everywhere. This way most everything remains on the tray rather than the floor. I use laminated plastic trays purchased at Crate and Barrel or The linen Store and More, and line the bottom with paper towels. Use glass bowls and plates changed and washed daily in the dishwasher.
Litter Boxes: Two solid high-sided litter pans made of hard plastic are the best.
Litter: My Cats are accustomed to the "sand" clay litter. One scoops out the solids daily into a paper or plastic bag for disposal. Do not put down the toilet. Always keep litter box scrupulously clean. Who wants to get into a dirty litter box? Cats will not use a dirty litter pan. Clean the pan frequently to reduce odor and for health reasons. Do not use ammonia-based products to clean. A small amount of breach works wonderfully, but remember to rinse the pan first before applying bleach. If you have two or more kitties, always have more than one litter box available.
Disinfectants: Hot soap and water are good agents. Diluted Clorox is excellent, but first wash the pan in soap and water before adding Clorox and rinse well. Products containing Phenol or Carbolic Acid are deadly to felines. I use a disinfectant soap and "Job Master" as cleaning agents as well as bleach. All can be purchased at Costco, Target or Walmart
Grooming Equipment: A good metal comb (Belgium "Greyhound") is a must. Less expensive combs tear, pull and break the coat. Greyhound Combs can be purchased at a good quality pet store (about $25) and online for sometimes much less. In addition, a good pin brush (not a slicker) is good for your kitty's delicate hair, but a comb is what will find any forming knots.
Groom Regularly: Your kitten/cat must be groomed regularly to prevent the formation of internal hairballs caused by the ingestion of excess hair. While a shorthaired cat may adequately care for itself, your long hair is a different matter. One little pink tongue cannot possibly care adequately for the tremendous coat of the Persian. I recommend daily grooming especially at first to get both your and your Kitty familar and comfortable with the grooming routine
Seasonal Coat Changes: The type of cat and the time of the year determine frequency of grooming. During the spring shedding season, one must comb the kitty once a day. This will also lessen the amount of fur left elsewhere in the house. Combing every couple days during the rest of the year is adequate.
Remember, it takes less than a minute to run a comb through your kitty! Make grooming a time for love and affection between you and your kitty.
Offer a treat at the end of the session.
Always check with your fingers around the neck and under the arms and legs and in the groin area for mats.
Keep Grooming Sessions Short but frequent: A quick going over with the comb daily, with a thorough and detailed grooming every few days should keep mats at a minimum. Keep the grooming sessions short and sweet and enjoyable. 30 seconds to a minute is fine. The moment your baby get too squirmy, stop immediately and do NOT force the kitty as then both of you will be very unhappy
I prefer to bathe my kittens once a week until they are six to seven months old. Thereafter, I bathe adults every three to four weeks unless I am planning on showing a cat. In preparation for a show I will bathe the kitty weekly.
Bathing is a wonderful way to inspect your kitty thoroughly to find any wounds or sores or anything that may be amiss under that thick furry coat. Personally, I am "allergic" to cats, bathing is a way I control excess dander. If I feel sneezy or sniffily, I quickly bathe the "offender."
Bathing is also a wonderful time to lavish affection on your kitty. I find bathing a kitty is a great stress reducer. I have found when a cat is about nine months of age, they finally accept/resign themselves to the bathing process and really begin to enjoy the grooming. Please do not give up! Do not let that little one terrorize you. Keep talking in a soothing manner to the little one. Praise your baby when it holds still. Moreover, you will find that the little one soon comes to you to tell you how good and beautiful it feels after the bath.
Pour a good tablespoon of Dawn Dishwashing Liquid and a tablespoon of disinfectant soap (Dial) into a small plastic pan (9"x9").
Add warm water to the pan.
Wet your kitty with the warm soapy mixture to penetrate the coat.
Rinse well. Make sure you get all of the soap out of the coat. One trick is to "float" the coat in a final rinse by filling the sink with water carefully holding your kitty. The fur will fan out and any soap residual will release.
Shampoo with a "Blueing" shampoo, such as Ring 5, Show Sno or other blue/purple shampoo.
Wash the face with a washcloth with a tearless shampoo (Mennen Baby Shampoo).
Rinse, rinse and rinse again.
Be careful not to get water into the ears and nose of the kitty.
Praise your kitty.
Gently squeeze excess water from the kitty and wrap into a towel.
Clip the claws, trim the ears and nose while kitty is wrapped up in the towel. Clipping claws regularly (wrap kitty in a towel) will prevent harm to you and your furnishings. Provide and encourage the use of a good sisal scratching post. Never have your kitty declawed! Declawing is a mutilation. Remember vets make money declawing a cat.
Clean the ears while kitty is wrapped up in the towel.
The little one will be so relieved to be out of the bath, he or she will have little objections to the nail clipping and ear cleaning.
Dry the kitty thoroughly. I use an upright dryer set on warm setting--never hot (Super Duck Dryer--R.C. Steele Catalog or Revival) to dry the kitty, which allows my hands to be free to hold and comb.
Never let your cat drip dry, and do not expose to cold drafts while damp.
Pour a small amount of the baby shampoo into a bowl with warm water and wipe the eye area clean.
Powder the eye area with cornstarch applied with a Q-Tip, to absorb the moisture. "Opticlear" is a good eye drop for cats to keep large eyes lubricated and clean.
Baby powder (with cornstarch and not talc) absorbs excess oils or other matter. Plain cornstarch is also good as well as economical and natural. Comb up hair fist then sprinkle powder into the coat, then comb out.
Keep Teeth Clean: It is most desirable to clean teeth semi-weekly with a gauze to remove plaque build-up. However, since many cat owners have a problem with this, I secondarily recommend a professional cleaning twice a year, by a veterinarian.
Failure to maintain good dental hygiene may result is a "show" of the tongue, followed by gum infections, which will eventually spread to the sinuses and possibly the brain itself. Symptoms of dental problems include: "show" (hanging) of tongue, bleeding through the nose, excessive tearing, facial swelling, lack of appetite. Encourage your cat to eat a good, low ash, professional quality dry kibble will help to maintain clean healthy teeth and gums.
"CDX" is a fabulous cat toothpaste to be applied to gums with a Q-Tip.
Scratching post is essential, as a cat has to scratch to keep claws in good shape. Scratching is also a form of setting territory. The scratching post must be stable.
I use "Boundary" cat repellant on furniture periodically, to prevent undesirable damage, and a cat-nip spray on the post to encourage use.
If you see kitty scratching on furniture, a quick NO! Followed by showing the cat the post helps in training. Your kitty has been trained to use the scratching post, but remember your house is new and different.
Dishes: water bowls and dry food bowls (bathrooms are good locations for extra water bowls) that cannot be overturned. Flat saucers for food plates. Cleanliness is most important--never feed your kitty on a dirty bowl or saucer. Remember, a cat's sense of smell is 40 times more acute than ours. Dirty plates or rancid food will be rejected!
Carrier: Purchase a strong well built animal carrier for the transport of your kitty at all times. Never allow the kitty to ride free in the car. This can be dangerous for both you and the animal.
The animals at your vet's office are sometimes sick so keep your kitty in its carrier and do not allow others the handle him. Avoid handling other animals.
Carriers are relatively inexpensive and handy. While bathing I place one damp kitty in a carrier with the upright "Super Duck" Dryer set on MEDIUM heat, while I bathe the second kitty. Always supervise, never allow kitty to become overheated (heavy open mouth breathing--remove cat immediately! Offer water, if not recovered within a minute--rewet cat with tepid (barely warm) water to cool--still not recovered seek vet's help). Supervise at all times
Avoid squeaking toys or toys with small plastic parts, which can be swallowed and dangerous.
I have found my kitties like "fluffy" toys or the foam rubber golf balls.
Also a dangly toy on a wand like instrument to be chased is a great favorite, but never leave this toy around for cat to play with unsupervised. Feathers can be swallowed and can cause obstructions.
Catnip toys are another favorite.
Choose toys carefully!
House Plants: Many including the seemingly ever-present philodendron and poinsettia, are poisonous.
Household Cleaners: Lysol as well as a plethora of other cleaning products are fatal to cats.
Hiding Places: Washers, dryers, refrigerators, dishwashers, closets, cabinets, bathtubs, showers, and toilets. A trip through the dryer (in action) is fatal and a very common accident. Always keep the lid closed on the toilet; kittens can drown! Always check before you close any door!
Medicines: Kittens like children will frequently eat anything that doesn't eat them first!
Outside the Home: Malicious children and adults, fleas, worms, ear mites, fungus, other cats, dogs, poisons, cars, rats, etc. Are just a few of the things that threaten the outside cat.
Traps under the Sink: or anywhere else you may choose to place one can be dangerous for your kitty.
Electric Cords and Outlets: Kittens love these--use boundary or coat cords with liquid soap as a repellant to discourage kitty from chewing.
Phenol (Lysol) and Carbolic Acid: and any other potentially hazardous solution or material.
Flea Collars and Tags: Can mat coat, cause allergic/toxic reaction, strangle kitty. Avoid all collars!!
Viruses: There are many highly contagious viruses affecting cats. Keep shots up to date. If you notice repeated sneezing, runny eyes, throwing up, diarrhea etc. Please take your kitty to the vet immediately!
A severe case of diarrhea can cause death by dehydration within 24 hours. See your vet immediately!
A bladder problem, particularly with males.
If a cat constantly visits the litter box doing little or nothing, please do not presume it is constipated. Watch carefully. Medicating a cystic kitty for constipation can cause harm and retard vital treatment. Bladder stoppage can kill within hours. Please see your vet immediately. Prevent this problem by using only low ash high quality foods.
Cystitis and urinary tract blockages can be lethal to your kitty within a very short time period. Generally by the time the owner discovers that a problem exists, it is too late to save the cat. The amount of time or money saved by purchasing "grocery store or supermarket" type dry foods, versus buying low-ash, quality dry kibble at a good pet store is not worth the sudden loss of a beloved pet.
You are now 'owned' by a Silver Persian considered by many to be the most beautiful and delightful breed of cat. Your new pet is a loyal and loving little animal and if you give it good care, love, and consideration, he or she will reward you with many years of love and companionship. He or she is sensitive to the spoken word--train him or her with words and intonations. He or she will want to please. It is never necessary to strike your cat--a loud "NO!" followed by a loud clap of your hands is sufficient discouragement. A spray from a bottle filled with water is a good deterrent for stubborn kitties. Another deterrent to undesirable behavior is "hissing" (blowing into the kitty's face, make some noise) is a human version of the kitty hiss, which can be quite effective. Be gentle, be firm, be loving. Cherish this gorgeous being as you would your child
The New Natural Cat, by Anitra Frazier, Plume/Penguin Books.
Silver and Golden Persians, by Dee Single. Relatives of your kitties are pictured in the book! T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Neptune City, N.J.
Catlore, Desmond Morris, Crown Publishers, Inc. N.Y., N.Y.
Catwatching, Desmond Morris, Crown Publishers, Inc. N.Y., N.Y.
Persian Cats, Edward E. Esade, T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Neptune City, N.J.
The New Cat Handbook, Ulrike Muller, Barron's Educational Series, Inc. New York/London/Toronto/Sydney.
Immediate supplies needed:
Canned and Dry Food
Litter Box, litter & scoop (clumping sand variety)
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